Unleashing Community Empowerment through A New Regional Autonomy Concept in the 2024 Elections


  • Owen Main Podger Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis, University of Canberra, Australia & Osana International, Indonesia




2024 Election Campaign, Long-term Planning, Regional Autonomy, Regional Government, Economic Decentralisation, Community Empowerment


Long-term planning in all regions in Indonesia in 2025 provides a powerful opportunity to commit governments to community empowerment, an opportunity dependent on the intention of those who are elected to power in the 2024 elections, and their commitment to stress sustainable economic development in those long-term plans, and the regulations to implement the plan. As the culture of reglomania (gila peraturan) is a key inhibiter of empowerment there is a need to change that culture to one that empowers and directs development of the green economy. This paper identifies problems with legislation, including a failure to identify the public service of creating an ordered environment for community development, including regulations for economic linkages and collaboration while providing for diversity. This leads to a reconsideration of the role of provinces, further consideration of accessibility and management of land, and integrity in government. The paper concludes with changes needed in campaigning in 2024 in order to lay the foundation for medium-term and long-term plans for building community empowerment after the elections, and provides a set of recommendations.


Aminah, A., Gantyowati, E., Winarna, J., Khairudin, K., & Redaputri, A. P. (2021). Implementation of The Effectiveness of Regional Autonomy in Indonesia. JEJAK, 14(1), 123–133. https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v14i1.26811

Arifudin, Nasrul, B., & Maswadi. (2013). Program of Community Empowerment Prevents Forest Fires in Indonesian Peat Land. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 17, 129–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.02.020

Badaruddin, B., Kariono, K., Ermansyah, E., & Sudarwati, L. (2021). Village community empowerment through village owned enterprise based on social capital in North Sumatera. Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, 31(3), 163–175. https://doi.org/10.1080/02185385.2020.1765855

Brodjonegoro, B., & Asanuma, S. (2000). Regional autonomy and fiscal decentralization in democratic Indonesia. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 41(2), 111–122. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43296034

Chino, M., & DeBruyn, L. (2006). Building True Capacity: Indigenous Models for Indigenous Communities. American Journal of Public Health, 96(4), 596–599. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2004.053801

Damayanti, R., & Syarifuddin, S. (2020). The inclusiveness of community participation in village development planning in Indonesia. Development in Practice, 30(5), 624–634. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614524.2020.1752151

DPD RI. (2009). Meluruskan Beberapa Pengaturan Pemerintahan Daerah, Naskah Akademis Pokok-Pokok Pikiran mengenai Perubahan UU Pemerintahan Daerah dan UU Perimbangan Keuangan. https://www.academia.edu/10826171/Meluruskan_beberapa_pengaturan_mengenai_Pemerintahan_Daerah

Fahrizal, Jasman, Nggandung, Y., & Kartiwan. (2019). Formulating strategies for development of lontar sugar industry in Rote Ndao District, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Tropical Drylands, 3(2), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.13057/tropdrylands/t030202

Febriyan. (2023, February 17). KPU Sebut 60 persen Pemilih Indonesia di Pemilu 2024 Didominasi Kelompok Muda. Tempo.Co. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1692894/kpu-sebut-60-persen-pemilih-indonesia-di-pemilu-2024-didominasi-kelompok-muda

Gibson, C., & Woolcock, M. (2008). Empowerment, Deliberative Development, and Local-Level Politics in Indonesia: Participatory Projects as a Source of Countervailing Power. Studies in Comparative International Development, 43(2), 151–180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12116-008-9021-0

Gilbert, R. (1991). Reglomania: The Curse of Organisational Reform and How to Cure It. Pearson Higher Education

Jamil, H., Ananda, C. F., & Prasetyia, F. (2022). It takes two to Tango: The joint effect of democracy and fiscal capacity on economic growth in Indonesia. Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 10(5), 271–286. https://doi.org/10.22437/ppd.v10i5.20816

Permendagri No.32/2010, (2010). https://peraturan.go.id/id/permendagri-no-32-tahun-2010

Permen PUPR No. 45/PRT/M/2007, (2007). https://jdih.pu.go.id/detail-dokumen/1410/1#div_cari_detail

Kis-Katos, K., & Sjahrir, B. S. (2017). The impact of fiscal and political decentralization on local public investment in Indonesia. Journal of Comparative Economics, 45(2), 344–365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2017.03.003

Maryunani, S. R. (2019). Community Empowerment as a Means in Promoting Local Products: A Case Study in Bandung, Indonesia. Journal of Promotion Management, 25(3), 439–451. https://doi.org/10.1080/10496491.2019.1557821

Masruro, U., & Nasrulloh, U. F. (2022). Green Sukuk Investment: Student’s Role And Interest In Realizing A Golden Indonesia 2045. Journal of Interdisciplinary Socio-Economic and Community Study, 2(1), 01–10. https://doi.org/10.21776/jiscos.02.01.01

Nazara, S., & Resosudarmo, B. P. (2007). Aceh-Nias Reconstruction and Rehabilitation: Progress and Challenges at the End of 2006 (No. 70; ADB Institute Discussion Paper). https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/156708/adbi-dp70.pdf

Nugroho, Y., & Sujarwoto. (2021). Institutions, Outputs and Outcomes. Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, 38(3), 296–319. https://www.jstor.org/stable/27096080

Olanipekun, L. O. (2022). Green Training And Development Practices On Environmental Sustainability: Evidence From Wamco plc. Journal of Interdisciplinary Socio-Economic and Community Study, 2(1), 12–19. https://doi.org/10.21776/jiscos.02.01.02

Palacios, J. M. (2016). The sex of participatory democracy. An analysis of the theoretical approaches and experiences of participatory democracy from a feminist viewpoint. Democratization, 23(5), 940–959. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2015.1044523

Panek, J. (2015). How participatory mapping can drive community empowerment – a case study of Koffiekraal, South Africa. South African Geographical Journal, 97(1), 18–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2014.924866

Phelan, A. (Anya), Ross, H., Setianto, N. A., Fielding, K., & Pradipta, L. (2020). Ocean plastic crisis—Mental models of plastic pollution from remote Indonesian coastal communities. PLOS ONE, 15(7), e0236149. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236149

Podger, O. M. (2007, March 21). Measuring government incompetence levels. Jakarta Post.

Podger, O. M. (2011). Comments on UU 25/2009 tentang Pelayanan Publik.

Podger, O. M. (2014). Corruption and Public Management Reform; Closing the space where corruption is. Andalas International Conference 2014, Eradicating Corruption: An Inter-Disciplinary Perspective.

Podger, O. M. (2020). Ideas for Economic Decentralisation. https://www.academia.edu/43218176/Ideas_for_Economic_Decentralisation

Santoso, D. B., Saleh, S., Suman, A., & Maski, G. (2017). The effectiveness analysis of grant scheme “POKMAS” toward village community empowerment: a case study on Siak Regency of Riau province. International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 10(3), 295. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEPEE.2017.086626

Smith, B. (2008). The Origins of Regional Autonomy in Indonesia: Experts and the Marketing of Political Interests. Journal of East Asian Studies, 8(2), 211–234. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1598240800005300

Syarawie, M. M. (2023, May 10). Infrastruktur Jalan: Daerah Akselerasi Perbaikan. Bisnis Indonesia. https://koran.bisnis.com/m/read/20230510/436/1654342/infrastruktur-jalan-daerah-akselerasi-perbaikan

UNDP & University of Oxford. (2021). Peoples’s Climate Vote. https://www.undp.org/sites/g/files/zskgke326/files/publications/UNDP-Oxford-Peoples-Climate-Vote-Results.pdf

UNEP. (2020). Green Economy. UN Environment Programme. https://www.unep.org/regions/asia-and-pacific/regional-initiatives/supporting-resource-efficiency/green-economy#:~:text=A green economy is defined,resource efficient and socially inclusive

Vazquez-Brust, D., Piao, R. S., de Melo, M. F. de S., Yaryd, R. T., & M. Carvalho, M. (2020). The governance of collaboration for sustainable development: Exploring the “black box.” Journal of Cleaner Production, 256, 120260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120260

Wedhaswary, I. D. (2014, May 21). “Nawa Cita”, 9 Agenda Prioritas Jokowi-JK. Kompas.Com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/05/21/0754454/.Nawa.Cita.9.Agenda.Prioritas.Jokowi-JK

Wibawana, W. A. (2023, February 7). Jadwal dan Tahapan Pileg, Pilpres dan Pilkada 2024. Detik.Com. https://news.detik.com/pemilu/d-6556051/jadwal-dan-tahapan-pileg-pilpres-dan-pilkada-2024




How to Cite

Podger, O. M. (2023). Unleashing Community Empowerment through A New Regional Autonomy Concept in the 2024 Elections. Journal of Interdisciplinary Socio-Economic and Community Study, 3(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.21776/jiscos.03.1.01